Carla Mavian

Research Assistant Scientist




I call myself a viroinformatician: a molecular virologist trained in ‘amics (phylodynamics) and ‘omics (genomics, transcriotpmics, metagenomics). I am originally from Italy, I obtain my BA and MSc in biotechnology applied to immunology at the University of Padova. I moved to Spain to obtain my Ph.D. in Molecular Biology at the University of Madrid studying evolution and immunomodulation of poxviruses. I then moved again to Florida, and joined Dr. Maureen Goodenow’s lab at University of Florida as a PostDoctoral traineed. Here I was introduced to the HIV biomedical field. Two years later, I joined Dr. Marco Salemi’s lab to expand my knowledge in evolutionary biology of HIV and other pathogens. Currently, I’m an Assistant Research Scientist in the Department of Pathology and my research focuses on many reservoirs: SIV/HIV, Vibrio cholera and lately SARS-CoV-2. I am also interested in phylodynamics of arboviruses such as Zika, Dengue or Chikungunya viruses. In my free time I like to travel, go to music/art shows, cook Italian food, ride my bike, and I especially enjoy the springs and the beaches of Florida (and the mountains in Italy).

Preferred Pronouns


Personal Academic Website

Research/Topics of Interest

Apply models to public health
Between-host modeling
Climate/environmental drivers
Intra-host modeling
Network models
Phylogenetic models
Social determinants of health
Surveillance/case detection
vibrio cholerae
zika virus
human immunodeficiency virus

Pathogens/Diseases of Main Interest/Expertise

Diarrheal diseases
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Neglected tropical diseases
Respiratory diseases
Vector-borne diseases

Countries of Work/Collaboration

United States



Diaz-Cánova D, Mavian C, Brinkmann A, Nitsche A, Moens U, Okeke MI. (2022). Genomic Sequencing and Phylogenomics of Cowpox Virus. Viruses, 14(10)

Lohse ZM, Shapiro JJ, Lednicky JA, Cash MN, Jun I, Mavian CN, Tagliamonte MS, Saleem C, Yang Y, Nelson EJ, Salemi M, Ryan KA, Morris JG. (2022). Persistence of SARS-CoV-2 omicron variant in children and utility of rapid antigen testing as an indicator of culturable virus. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Alexiev I, Mavian C, Paisie T, Ciccozzi M, Dimitrova R, Gancheva A, Kostadinova A, Seguin-Devaux C, Salemi M. (2022). Analysis of the Origin and Dissemination of HIV-1 Subtype C in Bulgaria. Viruses, 14(2)

Magalis BR, Mavian C, Tagliamonte M, Rich SN, Cash M, Riva A, Loeb JC, Norris M, Amador DM, Zhang Y, Shapiro J, Starostik P, Marini S, Myers P, Ostrov DA, Lednicky JA, Glenn Morris J Jr., Lauzardo M, Salemi M. (2022). Low-frequency variants in mildly symptomatic vaccine breakthrough infections presents a doubled-edged sword. Journal of medical virology

Hendricks CM, Cash MN, Tagliamonte MS, Riva A, Brander C, Llano A, Salemi M, Stevenson M, Mavian C. (2022). Discordance between HIV-1 Population in Plasma at Rebound after Structured Treatment Interruption and Archived Provirus Population in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Microbiology spectrum

Rich SN, Prosperi MCF, Dellicour S, Vrancken B, Cook RL, Spencer EC, Salemi M, Mavian C. (2022). Molecular Epidemiology of HIV-1 Subtype B Infection across Florida Reveals Few Large Superclusters with Metropolitan Origin. Microbiology spectrum

Alam MM, Mavian C, Okech BA, White SK, Stephenson CJ, Elbadry MA, Blohm GM, Loeb JC, Louis R, Saleem C, Madsen Beau de Rochars VE, Salemi M, Lednicky JA, Morris JG. (2022). Analysis of Zika Virus Sequence Data Associated with a School Cohort in Haiti. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene

Alam MM, Elbadry MA, Loeb JC, Stephenson CJ, Louis R, Mavian C, Charrel R, Rahman SR, Morris JG Jr., Lednicky JA. (2022). Genome Sequence of Genotype 1A Hepatovirus A Isolated from Plasma from a Haitian Child. Microbiology resource announcements

Rife Magalis B, Rich S, Tagliamonte MS, Mavian C, Cash MN, Riva A, Marini S, Moraga Amador D, Zhang Y, Shapiro J, Horine A, Starostik P, Pieretti M, Vega S, Lacombe AP, Salinas J, Stevenson M, Myers P, Morris JG, Lauzardo M, Prosperi M, Salemi M. (2022). SARS-CoV-2 Delta vaccine breakthrough transmissibility in Alachua County, Florida. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Prandi IG, Mavian C, Giombini E, Gruber CEM, Pietrucci D, Borocci S, Abid N, Beccari AR, Talarico C, Chillemi G. (2022). Structural Evolution of Delta (B.1.617.2) and Omicron (BA.1) Spike Glycoproteins. International journal of molecular sciences, 23(15)

Chiu CW, Xian M, Stephany JL, Xia X, Chiang CC, Ren F, Tsai CT, Shan SS, Liao YT, Esquivel-Upshaw JF, Rananaware SR, Nguyen LT, Macaluso NC, Jain PK, Cash MN, Mavian CN, Salemi M, Leon ME, Chang CW, Lin J, Pearton SJ. (2022). Rapid SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis using disposable strips and a metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor platform. Journal of vacuum science and technology. B, Nanotechnology & microelectronics : materials, processing, measurement, & phenomena : JVST B, 40(2)

Benedetti F, Silvestri G, Mavian C, Weichseldorfer M, Munawwar A, Cash MN, Dulcey M, Vittor AY, Ciccozzi M, Salemi M, Latinovic OS, Zella D. (2021). Comparison of SARS-CoV-2 Receptors Expression in Primary Endothelial Cells and Retinoic Acid-Differentiated Human Neuronal Cells. Viruses, 13(11)

Lednicky JA, Tagliamonte MS, White SK, Blohm GM, Alam MM, Iovine NM, Salemi M, Mavian C, Morris JG. (2021). Isolation of a Novel Recombinant Canine Coronavirus from a Visitor to Haiti: Further Evidence of Transmission of Coronaviruses of Zoonotic Origin to Humans. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Akhtar ZR, Tariq K, Mavian C, Ali A, Ullah F, Zang LS, Ali F, Nazir T, Ali S. (2021). Trophic transfer and toxicity of heavy metals from dengue mosquito Aedes aegypti to predator dragonfly Tramea cophysa. Ecotoxicology (London, England)

Marini S, Mavian C, Riva A, Salemi M, Magalis BR. (2021). Optimizing viral genome subsampling by genetic diversity and temporal distribution (TARDiS) for phylogenetics. Bioinformatics (Oxford, England)

Mavian C, Coman RM, Zhang X, Pomeroy S, Ostrov DA, Dunn BM, Sleasman JW, Goodenow MM. (2021). Molecular Docking-Based Screening for Novel Inhibitors of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Protease that Effectively Reduce the Viral Replication in Human Cells. Journal of AIDS & clinical research, 12(5)

Lednicky JA, Tagliamonte MS, White SK, Elbadry MA, Alam MM, Stephenson CJ, Bonny TS, Loeb JC, Telisma T, Chavannes S, Ostrov DA, Mavian C, Beau De Rochars VM, Salemi M, Morris JG Jr.. (2021). Independent infections of porcine deltacoronavirus among Haitian children. Nature

Mavian C, Ramirez-Mata AS, Dollar JJ, Nolan DJ, Cash M, White K, Rich SN, Magalis BR, Marini S, Prosperi MCF, Amador DM, Riva A, Williams KC, Salemi M. (2021). Brain tissue transcriptomic analysis of SIV-infected macaques identifies several altered metabolic pathways linked to neuropathogenesis and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) as potential therapeutic targets. Journal of neurovirology

Tagliamonte MS, Mavian C, Zainabadi K, Cash MN, Lednicky JA, Magalis BR, Riva A, Deschamps MM, Liautaud B, Rouzier V, Fitzgerald DW, Pape JW, Morris JG, Salemi M. (2021). Rapid emergence and spread of SARS-CoV-2 gamma (P.1) variant in Haiti. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Boyles SM, Mavian CN, Finol E, Ukhanova M, Stephenson CJ, Hamerlinck G, Kang S, Baumgartner C, Geesey M, Stinton I, Williams K, Mathias DK, Prosperi M, Mai V, Salemi M, Buckner EA, Lednicky JA, Rivers AR, Dinglasan RR. (2020). Under-the-Radar Dengue Virus Infections in Natural Populations of Aedes aegypti Mosquitoes. mSphere, 5(2)

Tagliamonte MS, Abid N, Borocci S, Sangiovanni E, Ostrov DA, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Salemi M, Chillemi G, Mavian C. (2020). Multiple Recombination Events and Strong Purifying Selection at the Origin of SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein Increased Correlated Dynamic Movements. International journal of molecular sciences, 22(1)

Rich SN, Richards VL, Mavian CN, Switzer WM, Rife Magalis B, Poschman K, Geary S, Broadway SE, Bennett SB, Blanton J, Leitner T, Boatwright JL, Stetten NE, Cook RL, Spencer EC, Salemi M, Prosperi M. (2020). Employing Molecular Phylodynamic Methods to Identify and Forecast HIV Transmission Clusters in Public Health Settings: A Qualitative Study. Viruses, 12(9)

Andrade VM, Mavian C, Babic D, Cordeiro T, Sharkey M, Barrios L, Brander C, Martinez-Picado J, Dalmau J, Llano A, Li JZ, Jacobson J, Lavine CL, Seaman MS, Salemi M, Stevenson M. (2020). A minor population of macrophage-tropic HIV-1 variants is identified in recrudescing viremia following analytic treatment interruption. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(18)

Mavian C, Marini S, Prosperi M, Salemi M. (2020). A Snapshot of SARS-CoV-2 Genome Availability up to April 2020 and its Implications: Data Analysis. JMIR public health and surveillance, 6(2)

Mavian C, Marini S, Prosperi M, Salemi M. (2020). Authors' Reply to: Errors in Tracing Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 Transmission Using a Maximum Likelihood Tree. Comment on "A Snapshot of SARS-CoV-2 Genome Availability up to April 2020 and its Implications: Data Analysis". JMIR public health and surveillance, 6(4)

Mavian C, Marini S, Prosperi M, Salemi M. (2020). Correction: A Snapshot of SARS-CoV-2 Genome Availability up to April 2020 and its Implications: Data Analysis. JMIR public health and surveillance, 6(3)

Rich SN, Poschman K, Hu H, Mavian C, Cook RL, Salemi M, Spencer EC, Prosperi M. (2020). Sociodemographic, ecological, and spatiotemporal factors associated with HIV drug resistance in Florida: a retrospective analysis. The Journal of infectious diseases

Mavian C, Pond SK, Marini S, Magalis BR, Vandamme AM, Dellicour S, Scarpino SV, Houldcroft C, Villabona-Arenas J, Paisie TK, Trovão NS, Boucher C, Zhang Y, Scheuermann RH, Gascuel O, Lam TT, Suchard MA, Abecasis A, Wilkinson E, de Oliveira T, Bento AI, Schmidt HA, Martin D, Hadfield J, Faria N, Grubaugh ND, Neher RA, Baele G, Lemey P, Stadler T, Albert J, Crandall KA, Leitner T, Stamatakis A, Prosperi M, Salemi M. (2020). Sampling bias and incorrect rooting make phylogenetic network tracing of SARS-COV-2 infections unreliable. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Mavian C, Paisie TK, Alam MT, Browne C, Beau De Rochars VM, Nembrini S, Cash MN, Nelson EJ, Azarian T, Ali A, Morris JG Jr., Salemi M. (2020). evolution and establishment of reservoirs in aquatic ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(14)

Lednicky JA, Shankar SN, Elbadry MA, Gibson JC, Alam MM, Stephenson CJ, Eiguren-Fernandez A, Morris JG, Mavian CN, Salemi M, Clugston JR, Wu CY. (2020). Collection of SARS-CoV-2 Virus from the Air of a Clinic Within a University Student Health Care Center and Analyses of the Viral Genomic Sequence. Aerosol and air quality research, 20(6)

Blohm GM, Márquez-Colmenarez MC, Lednicky JA, Bonny TS, Mavian C, Salemi M, Delgado-Noguera L, Morris JG, Paniz-Mondolfi AE. (2019). Isolation of Mayaro Virus from a Venezuelan Patient with Febrile Illness, Arthralgias, and Rash: Further Evidence of Regional Strain Circulation and Possible Long-Term Endemicity. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 101(6)

Blohm G, Elbadry MA, Mavian C, Stephenson C, Loeb J, White S, Telisma T, Chavannes S, Beau De Rochar VM, Salemi M, Lednicky JA, Morris JG Jr.. (2019). Mayaro as a Caribbean traveler: Evidence for multiple introductions and transmission of the virus into Haiti. International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases, (87)

Lednicky JA, White SK, Mavian CN, El Badry MA, Telisma T, Salemi M, OKech BA, Beau De Rochars VM, Morris JG Jr.. (2019). Emergence of Madariaga virus as a cause of acute febrile illness in children, Haiti, 2015-2016. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 13(1)

Mavian C, Dulcey M, Munoz O, Salemi M, Vittor AY, Capua I. (2018). Islands as Hotspots for Emerging Mosquito-Borne Viruses: A One-Health Perspective. Viruses, 11(1)

White SK, Mavian C, Salemi M, Morris JG Jr., Elbadry MA, Okech BA, Lednicky JA, Dunford JC. (2018). A new "American" subgroup of African-lineage Chikungunya virus detected in and isolated from mosquitoes collected in Haiti, 2016. PloS one, 13(5)

Fogolari M, Mavian C, Angeletti S, Salemi M, Lampel KA, Maurelli AT. (2018). Distribution and characterization of Shiga toxin converting temperate phages carried by Shigella flexneri in Hispaniola. Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases, (65)

Blohm GM, Lednicky JA, White SK, Mavian CN, Márquez MC, González-García KP, Salemi M, Morris JG Jr., Paniz-Mondolfi AE. (2018). Madariaga Virus: Identification of a Lineage III Strain in a Venezuelan Child With Acute Undifferentiated Febrile Illness, in the Setting of a Possible Equine Epizootic. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 67(4)

White SK, Mavian C, Elbadry MA, Beau De Rochars VM, Paisie T, Telisma T, Salemi M, Lednicky JA, Morris JG Jr.. (2018). Detection and phylogenetic characterization of arbovirus dual-infections among persons during a chikungunya fever outbreak, Haiti 2014. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 12(5)

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