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Abstract

We studied 31 US healthcare facilities to characterize trends in mycobacterial testing. During 2009-2015, testing for acid-fast bacilli increased 3.2% annually, and prevalence of pathogenic nontuberculous mycobacteria increased 4.5% annually. These increases were highest for subpopulations at high risk of infection, including older women, Asians, and patients with concurrent conditions.

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