Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The devastating 2010 cholera epidemic in Haiti prompted the government to introduce oral cholera vaccine (OCV) in two high-risk areas of Haiti. We evaluated the direct costs associated with the government's first vaccine campaign implemented in August-September 2013. We analyzed data for major cost categories and assessed the efficiency of available campaign resources to vaccinate the target population. For a target population of 107,906 persons, campaign costs totaled $624,000 and 215,295 OCV doses were dispensed. The total vaccine and operational cost was $2.90 per dose; vaccine alone cost $1.85 per dose, vaccine delivery and administration $0.70 per dose, and vaccine storage and transport $0.35 per dose. Resources were greater than needed-our analyses suggested that approximately 2.5-6 times as many persons could have been vaccinated during this campaign without increasing the resources allocated for vaccine delivery and administration. These results can inform future OCV campaigns in Haiti.
Routh JA, Sreenivasan N, Adhikari BB, Andrecy LL, Bernateau M, Abimbola T, Njau J, Jackson E, Juin S, Francois J, Tohme RA, Meltzer MI, Katz MA, Mintz ED. (2017). Cost Evaluation of a Government-Conducted Oral Cholera Vaccination Campaign-Haiti, 2013. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 97(4_Suppl)