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EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF DEXAMETHASONE INTRAVITREAL IMPLANT FOR PERSISTENT UVEITIC CYSTOID MACULAR EDEMA.

Abstract

After a single DEX Implant, there was no detectable CME in 89% and 72% of eyes at 1 month and 3 months, respectively. The median time to recurrence of CME (±standard error) was 201 ± 62 days. The percentage of eyes with no recurrence of CME was 35% at 6 months and 30% at 12 months. At 3 months, there was a significant improvement from baseline in mean visual acuity (+2.1 lines, P 25 mmHg occurred within the first 3 months in 11% (2 of 18) of eyes; all effectively managed with topical hypotensive medications.

A single DEX Implant produced sustained improvements in both visual acuity and retinal thickness in the majority of eyes with persistent uveitic CME. Uveitic CME did gradually recur in most eyes; however, close posttreatment monitoring is recommended.

To investigate dexamethasone intravitreal implant (DEX Implant 0.7 mg, Ozurdex; Allergan, Inc, Irvine, CA) as a treatment for persistent cystoid macular edema (CME) secondary to uveitis.

Treatment and outcomes data were collected retrospectively for 18 eyes from 13 consecutive patients treated with the DEX Implant for persistent, noninfectious uveitic CME. Outcome measures included the cumulative incidence of resolution of CME, visual acuity, central retinal thickness (measured by spectral domain optical coherence tomography), and vitreous haze score.

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