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Evidence of Local HIV Transmission in the African Community of King County, Washington.

Abstract

Little is known about the frequency of ongoing HIV transmission within U.S. African immigrant communities. We used HIV surveillance and partner services data to describe African-born persons newly reported with HIV infection in King County (KC), WA from 1/1/2010 to 12/31/2013. We performed phylogenetic clustering analysis of HIV-1 pol to identify putative transmission events within this population. From 2010 to 2013, 1148 KC adults were reported with HIV, including 102 (9 %) born in Africa. Forty-one African-born cases were interviewed and reported diagnosis after arrival in the U.S. Fourteen (34 %) reported ≥1 negative test prior to diagnosis, and 9 (26 %) reported ≥1 negative test after U.S. arrival. Pol genotypes were available for seven of these nine. For two of these seven, a KC case was the nearest phylogenetic neighbor; two others were infected with subtype B virus. We found substantial evidence of ongoing HIV transmission in the African community of KC.

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