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Financial Hardship, Condomless Anal Intercourse and HIV Risk Among Men Who Have Sex with Men.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine the association between financial hardship, condomless anal intercourse and HIV risk among a sample of men who have sex with men (MSM). Users of a popular geosocial networking application in Paris were shown an advertisement with text encouraging them to complete a anonymous web-based survey (n = 580). In adjusted multivariate models, high financial hardship (compared to low financial hardship) was associated with engagement in condomless anal intercourse (aRR 1.28; 95% CI 1.08-1.52), engagement in condomless receptive anal intercourse (aRR 1.34; 95% CI 1.07-1.67), engagement in condomless insertive anal intercourse (aRR 1.30; 95% CI 1.01-1.67), engagement in transactional sex (aRR 2.36; 95% CI 1.47-3.79) and infection with non-HIV STIs (aRR 1.50; 95% CI 1.07-2.10). This study suggests that interventions to reduce financial hardships (e.g., income-based strategies to ensure meeting of basic necessities) could decrease sexual risk behaviors in MSM.

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