Geographic variations in health care resource utilization following elective ACDF for cervical spondylotic myelopathy: A national trend analysis.


] compared to the Northeast for increased cost.

Our study suggests that regional variations exist in elective ACDF for CSM, including patient demographics, hospital costs, and nonroutine discharges, while complication rates and LOS were similar between regions.

As health care expenditures continue to increase, standardizing health care delivery across geographic regions has been identified as a method to reduce costs. However, few studies have demonstrated how the practice of elective spine surgery varies by geographic location. The aim of this study was to assess the geographic variations in management, complications, and total cost of elective anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).

The National Inpatient Sample database (2016-2017) was queried using the ICD-10-CM procedural and diagnostic coding systems to identify all adult (≥18 years) patients with a primary diagnosis of CSM undergoing an elective ACDF. Patients were divided into regional cohorts as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau: Northeast, Midwest, South, and West. Weighted patient demographics, Elixhauser comorbidities, perioperative complications, length of stay (LOS), discharge disposition, and total cost of admission were assessed.

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