Most United States residents who develop tuberculosis were born abroad, and US TB incidence is increasingly driven by infection risks in other countries.
We estimated TB cases, TB deaths, costs, and the total economic burden of TB in the US. Compared to the base-case, effective global TB control would avert 40,000 (95% uncertainty interval: 29,000-55,000) TB cases in the United States over 2020-2035. TB incidence rates in 2035 would be 43% (34-54) lower than the base-case, and 49% (44-55) lower than in 2020. Summed over 2020-2035, this represents $0.8 (0.6-1.0) billion dollars in averted healthcare costs and $2.5 (1.7-3.6) billion in productivity gains. The total US economic burden of TB (including the value of averted TB deaths) would be 21% (16-28) lower ($18 (8-32) billion).
We estimated outcomes using linked mathematical models of TB epidemiology in the United States and migrants' birth countries. A base-case scenario extrapolated country-specific TB incidence trends. We compared this to scenarios in which countries achieve 90% TB incidence reductions between 2015 and 2035, as targeted by the Global End TB Strategy ("effective global TB control"). We also considered pessimistic scenarios of flat TB incidence trends in individual countries.
To estimate the potential impact of effective global TB control on health and economic outcomes in the United States.
In addition to producing major health benefits for high-burden countries, strengthened efforts to achieve effective global TB control could produce substantial health and economic benefits for the United States.
Menzies NA, Bellerose M, Testa C, Swartwood N, Malyuta Y, Cohen T, Marks SM, Hill AN, Date AA, Maloney SA, Bowden SE, Grills AW, Salomon JA. (2020). Impact of Effective Global Tuberculosis Control on Health and Economic Outcomes in the United States. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine