results in increased endogenous immune function. Animal populations face multiple threats induced by anthropogenic environmental change. Our results suggest that shifts in the balance between exogenous and endogenous sources of immunity to parasite attack may represent an underappreciated consequence of environmental change.
Decker LE, Jeffrey CS, Ochsenrider KM, Potts AS, de Roode JC, Smilanich AM, Hunter MD. (2020). increase endogenous immune function in a specialist herbivore. The Journal of animal ecology