infection among hospitalised patients: results of a multicentre retrospective study in South Africa.


are at high risk of mortality at public district hospitals in South Africa. Tuberculosis should be considered an additional risk factor for CDI in populations with high tuberculosis and HIV comorbidity. Interventions for CDI prevention and management are urgently needed.

infection (CDI) in low-resource settings and settings with high prevalence of HIV. We aimed to determine baseline CDI patient characteristics and management and their contribution to mortality.

risk factors (positive vs negative) and CDI treatment.

positive (29%) patients were not treated.

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