InterStim Sacral Neuromodulation and Botox Botulinum-A Toxin Intradetrusor Injections for Refractory Urge Urinary Incontinence: A Decision Analysis Comparing Outcomes Including Efficacy and Complications.


: Until appropriately powered randomized controlled trials are available, both InterStim and Botox are reasonable and effective strategies with similar outcomes.

: A Markov state transition decision analysis model was constructed using values for efficacy and complications from the literature. Overall utility was compared monthly. Multiple 1-way sensitivity analyses were performed.

: Overactive bladder is a common disease for which current pharmaceutical therapy is often unsatisfactory. Newer modalities, including Botox and InterStim, can be used when antimuscarinics fail. We compare InterStim and Botox using decision analysis.

: For every month during the simulation, overall utility was higher for Botox than InterStim. After 54 months, cumulative utility was 3.86 versus 3.74, favoring Botox for an average yearly quality-adjusted life-year value of 0.86 versus 0.83. All differences were less than minimally important differences for utilities. Few meaningful thresholds were established supporting the robustness of the model.

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