In a large community-randomized trial, biannual azithromycin distributions significantly reduced postneonatal childhood mortality in sub-Saharan African sites. Here, we present a prespecified secondary analysis showing that much of the protective effect was in the first 3 months postdistribution. Distributing more frequently than biannually could be considered if logistically feasible. Clinical Trials Registration. NCT02047981.
Porco TC, Hart J, Arzika AM, Weaver J, Kalua K, Mrango Z, Cotter SY, Stoller NE, O'Brien KS, Fry DM, Vanderschelden B, Oldenburg CE, West SK, Bailey RL, Keenan JD, Lietman TM, . (2019). Mass Oral Azithromycin for Childhood Mortality: Timing of Death After Distribution in the MORDOR Trial. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 68(12)