Documented treatment rates for Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are low. Within this cohort of HCV-infected patients (N = 373), participants who were not actively injecting drugs or not co-infected with HIV were most likely to initiate HCV treatment. Persons of white race and HIV-infected participants with a CD4 count above 200 were also more likely to have initiated HCV treatment. We defined five factors as potentially modifiable, and found almost all (90%) of the cohort had at least one such factor. Participants with more than one of these factors were least likely to initiate treatment. The proportion of patients receiving treatment increased as their number of modifiable risk factors decreased (p < 0.01, for trend). Focused strategies to overcome these potentially modifiable factors may be indicated to increase HCV treatment in affected populations.