Data from the Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health Wave III were used. Chlamydia status was determined using biomarkers. Individual-level risk behaviors were self-reported. Network location variables for concurrency and assortative mixing were imputed using egocentrically sample data on sexual partnerships.
After controlling for demographic attributes including age, sex, marital status, education and health care access there remained a strong association between race and chlamydia status (OR = 5.23, 95% CI [3.83-7.15], p .05 for Non-Hispanic Blacks).
There is a large and persistent racial disparity in STI in the U.S. which has placed non-Hispanic-Blacks at disproportionately high risk. We tested a hypothesis that both individual-level risk factors (partner number, anal sex, condom use) and local-network features (concurrency and assortative mixing by race) combine to account for the association between race and chlamydia status.