John Brownstein

Chief Innovation Officer





Shuter J, Rosander C, Kim RS, Brownstein JS. (2019). Passenger or Patient? The Automobile: A New Frontier in Health Promotion. Health promotion practice, 20(3)

Harris JK, Hinyard L, Beatty K, Hawkins JB, Nsoesie EO, Mansour R, Brownstein JS. (2018). Evaluating the Implementation of a Twitter-Based Foodborne Illness Reporting Tool in the City of St. Louis Department of Health. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(5)

Majumder MS, Cohn EL, Santillana M, Brownstein JS. (2018). Estimation of Pneumonic Plague Transmission in Madagascar, August-November 2017. PLoS currents

MacFadden DR, McGough SF, Fisman D, Santillana M, Brownstein JS. (2018). Antibiotic Resistance Increases with Local Temperature. Nature climate change, 8(6)

Zinszer K, Morrison K, Verma A, Brownstein JS. (2017). Spatial Determinants of Ebola Virus Disease Risk for the West African Epidemic. PLoS currents

Schwind JS, Norman SA, Karmacharya D, Wolking DJ, Dixit SM, Rajbhandari RM, Mekaru SR, Brownstein JS. (2017). Online surveillance of media health event reporting in Nepal: digital disease detection from a One Health perspective. BMC international health and human rights, 17(1)

Kluberg SA, McGinnis DP, Hswen Y, Majumder MS, Santillana M, Brownstein JS. (2017). County-level assessment of United States kindergarten vaccination rates for measles mumps rubella (MMR) for the 2014-2015 school year. Vaccine, 35(47)

Majumder MS, Nguyen CM, Cohn EL, Hswen Y, Mekaru SR, Brownstein JS. (2017). Vaccine compliance and the 2016 Arkansas mumps outbreak. The Lancet. Infectious diseases, 17(4)

Harris JK, Hawkins JB, Nguyen L, Nsoesie EO, Tuli G, Mansour R, Brownstein JS. (2017). Using Twitter to Identify and Respond to Food Poisoning: The Food Safety STL Project. Journal of public health management and practice : JPHMP, 23(6)

Wilder-Smith A, Cohn E, Lloyd DC, Tozan Y, Brownstein JS. (2016). Internet-based media coverage on dengue in Sri Lanka between 2007 and 2015. Global health action

Nsoesie EO, Flor L, Hawkins J, Maharana A, Skotnes T, Marinho F, Brownstein JS. (2016). Social Media as a Sentinel for Disease Surveillance: What Does Sociodemographic Status Have to Do with It?. PLoS currents

Majumder MS, Nguyen CM, Mekaru SR, Brownstein JS. (2016). Yellow fever vaccination coverage heterogeneities in Luanda province, Angola. The Lancet. Infectious diseases, 16(9)

Bahk CY, Cumming M, Paushter L, Madoff LC, Thomson A, Brownstein JS. (2016). Publicly Available Online Tool Facilitates Real-Time Monitoring Of Vaccine Conversations And Sentiments. Health affairs (Project Hope), 35(2)

Kluberg SA, Mekaru SR, McIver DJ, Madoff LC, Crawley AW, Smolinski MS, Brownstein JS. (2016). Global Capacity for Emerging Infectious Disease Detection, 1996-2014. Emerging infectious diseases, 22(10)

MacFadden DR, Fisman D, Andre J, Ara Y, Majumder MS, Bogoch II, Daneman N, Wang A, Vavitsas M, Castellani L, Brownstein JS. (2016). A Platform for Monitoring Regional Antimicrobial Resistance, Using Online Data Sources: ResistanceOpen. The Journal of infectious diseases, 214(suppl_4)

Majumder MS, Kluberg S, Santillana M, Mekaru S, Brownstein JS. (2015). 2014 ebola outbreak: media events track changes in observed reproductive number. PLoS currents

Ahmed SS, Oviedo-Orta E, Mekaru SR, Freifeld CC, Tougas G, Brownstein JS. (2015). Surveillance for Neisseria meningitidis Disease Activity and Transmission Using Information Technology. PLoS One, 10(5)

Brownstein JS, Huston JE, Steingold L, Joyce MV. (2015). On-demand delivery of influenza vaccination. Annals of internal medicine, 163(10)

Nsoesie EO, Ricketts RP, Brown HE, Fish D, Durham DP, Ndeffo Mbah ML, Christian T, Ahmed S, Marcellin C, Shelly E, Owers K, Wenzel N, Galvani AP, Brownstein JS. (2015). Spatial and Temporal Clustering of Chikungunya Virus Transmission in Dominica. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 9(8)

Nsoesie EO, Butler P, Ramakrishnan N, Mekaru SR, Brownstein JS. (2015). Monitoring disease trends using hospital traffic data from high resolution satellite imagery: a feasibility study. Scientific reports

Nsoesie EO, Brownstein JS. (2015). Computational approaches to influenza surveillance: beyond timeliness. Cell host & microbe, 17(3)

Chunara R, Goldstein E, Patterson-Lomba O, Brownstein JS. (2015). Estimating influenza attack rates in the United States using a participatory cohort. Scientific reports

Majumder MS, Huston JE, Brownstein JS. (2015). Vaccination Compliance and the US Measles Epidemic--Reply. JAMA pediatrics, 169(9)

Zinszer K, Morrison K, Anema A, Majumder MS, Brownstein JS. (2015). The velocity of Ebola spread in parts of west Africa. The Lancet. Infectious diseases, 15(9)

Jain SH, Powers BW, Hawkins JB, Brownstein JS. (2015). The digital phenotype. Nature biotechnology, 33(5)

Majumder MS, Cohn EL, Mekaru SR, Huston JE, Brownstein JS. (2015). Substandard vaccination compliance and the 2015 measles outbreak. JAMA pediatrics, 169(5)

Huston JE, Mekaru SR, Kluberg S, Brownstein JS. (2015). Searching the Web for Influenza Vaccines: HealthMap Vaccine Finder. American journal of public health, 105(8)

Majumder MS, Kluberg SA, Mekaru SR, Brownstein JS. (2015). Mortality Risk Factors for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Outbreak, South Korea, 2015. Emerging infectious diseases, 21(11)

Smolinski MS, Crawley AW, Baltrusaitis K, Chunara R, Olsen JM, Wójcik O, Santillana M, Nguyen A, Brownstein JS. (2015). Flu Near You: Crowdsourced Symptom Reporting Spanning 2 Influenza Seasons. American journal of public health, 105(10)

Vayena E, Salathé M, Madoff LC, Brownstein JS. (2015). Ethical challenges of big data in public health. PLoS computational biology, 11(2)

Olson SH, Benedum CM, Mekaru SR, Preston ND, Mazet JA, Joly DO, Brownstein JS. (2015). Drivers of Emerging Infectious Disease Events as a Framework for Digital Detection. Emerging infectious diseases, 21(8)

Santillana M, Nguyen AT, Dredze M, Paul MJ, Nsoesie EO, Brownstein JS. (2015). Combining Search, Social Media, and Traditional Data Sources to Improve Influenza Surveillance. PLoS computational biology, 11(10)

Nsoesie EO, Buckeridge DL, Brownstein JS. (2014). Guess who's not coming to dinner? Evaluating online restaurant reservations for disease surveillance. Journal of medical Internet research, 16(1)

Santillana M, Nsoesie EO, Mekaru SR, Scales D, Brownstein JS. (2014). Using clinicians' search query data to monitor influenza epidemics. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 59(10)

McIver DJ, Brownstein JS. (2014). Wikipedia usage estimates prevalence of influenza-like illness in the United States in near real-time. PLoS computational biology, 10(4)

Nsoesie EO, Kluberg SA, Brownstein JS. (2014). Online reports of foodborne illness capture foods implicated in official foodborne outbreak reports. Preventive medicine

Nsoesie EO, Mekaru SR, Ramakrishnan N, Marathe MV, Brownstein JS. (2014). Modeling to predict cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Chile. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 8(4)

Gluskin RT, Johansson MA, Santillana M, Brownstein JS. (2014). Evaluation of Internet-based dengue query data: Google Dengue Trends. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 8(2)

Anema A, Kluberg S, Wilson K, Hogg RS, Khan K, Hay SI, Tatem AJ, Brownstein JS. (2014). Digital surveillance for enhanced detection and response to outbreaks. The Lancet. Infectious diseases, 14(11)

Yuan Q, Nsoesie EO, Lv B, Peng G, Chunara R, Brownstein JS. (2013). Monitoring influenza epidemics in china with search query from baidu. PLoS One, 8(5)

Chunara R, Bouton L, Ayers JW, Brownstein JS. (2013). Assessing the online social environment for surveillance of obesity prevalence. PLoS One, 8(4)

Nsoesie E, Mararthe M, Brownstein J. (2013). Forecasting peaks of seasonal influenza epidemics. PLoS currents

Bennett KJ, Olsen JM, Harris S, Mekaru S, Livinski AA, Brownstein JS. (2013). The perfect storm of information: combining traditional and non-traditional data sources for public health situational awareness during hurricane response. PLoS currents

Scales D, Zelenev A, Brownstein JS. (2013). Quantifying the effect of media limitations on outbreak data in a global online web-crawling epidemic intelligence system, 2008-2011. Emerging health threats journal

Ocampo AJ, Chunara R, Brownstein JS. (2013). Using search queries for malaria surveillance, Thailand. Malaria journal

Cassa CA, Chunara R, Mandl K, Brownstein JS. (2013). Twitter as a sentinel in emergency situations: lessons from the Boston marathon explosions. PLoS currents

Hay SI, George DB, Moyes CL, Brownstein JS. (2013). Big data opportunities for global infectious disease surveillance. PLoS medicine, 10(4)

Chunara R, Smolinski MS, Brownstein JS. (2013). Why we need crowdsourced data in infectious disease surveillance. Current infectious disease reports, 15(4)

Charland KM, Buckeridge DL, Hoen AG, Berry JG, Elixhauser A, Melton F, Brownstein JS. (2013). Relationship between community prevalence of obesity and associated behavioral factors and community rates of influenza-related hospitalizations in the United States. Influenza and other respiratory viruses, 7(5)

Salathé M, Freifeld CC, Mekaru SR, Tomasulo AF, Brownstein JS. (2013). Influenza A (H7N9) and the importance of digital epidemiology. The New England journal of medicine, 369(5)

Chan EH, Scales DA, Brewer TF, Madoff LC, Pollack MP, Hoen AG, Choden T, Brownstein JS. (2013). Forecasting high-priority infectious disease surveillance regions: a socioeconomic model. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 56(4)

Ayers JW, Althouse BM, Allem JP, Childers MA, Zafar W, Latkin C, Ribisl KM, Brownstein JS. (2012). Novel surveillance of psychological distress during the great recession. Journal of affective disorders, 142(1-3)

Chunara R, Chhaya V, Bane S, Mekaru SR, Chan EH, Freifeld CC, Brownstein JS. (2012). Online reporting for malaria surveillance using micro-monetary incentives, in urban India 2010-2011. Malaria journal

Bogich TL, Chunara R, Scales D, Chan E, Pinheiro LC, Chmura AA, Carroll D, Daszak P, Brownstein JS. (2012). Preventing pandemics via international development: a systems approach. PLoS medicine, 9(12)

Sonricker Hansen AL, Li A, Joly D, Mekaru S, Brownstein JS. (2012). Digital surveillance: a novel approach to monitoring the illegal wildlife trade. PLoS One, 7(12)

Chunara R, Andrews JR, Brownstein JS. (2012). Social and news media enable estimation of epidemiological patterns early in the 2010 Haitian cholera outbreak. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 86(1)

Chunara R, Freifeld CC, Brownstein JS. (2012). New technologies for reporting real-time emergent infections. Parasitology, 139(14)

Khan K, McNabb SJ, Memish ZA, Eckhardt R, Hu W, Kossowsky D, Sears J, Arino J, Johansson A, Barbeschi M, McCloskey B, Henry B, Cetron M, Brownstein JS. (2012). Infectious disease surveillance and modelling across geographic frontiers and scientific specialties. The Lancet. Infectious diseases, 12(3)

Hoen AG, Keller M, Verma AD, Buckeridge DL, Brownstein JS. (2012). Electronic event-based surveillance for monitoring dengue, Latin America. Emerging infectious diseases, 18(7)

Hoen AG, Buckeridge DL, Charland KM, Mandl KD, Quach C, Brownstein JS. (2011). Effect of expanded US recommendations for seasonal influenza vaccination: comparison of two pediatric emergency departments in the United States and Canada. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne, 183(13)

Ayers JW, Ribisl K, Brownstein JS. (2011). Using search query surveillance to monitor tax avoidance and smoking cessation following the United States' 2009 "SCHIP" cigarette tax increase. PLoS One, 6(3)

Chan EH, Sahai V, Conrad C, Brownstein JS. (2011). Using web search query data to monitor dengue epidemics: a new model for neglected tropical disease surveillance. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 5(5)

Ayers JW, Ribisl KM, Brownstein JS. (2011). Tracking the rise in popularity of electronic nicotine delivery systems (electronic cigarettes) using search query surveillance. American journal of preventive medicine, 40(4)

Pearson JF, Brownstein CA, Brownstein JS. (2011). Potential for electronic health records and online social networking to redefine medical research. Clinical chemistry, 57(2)

Reis BY, Brownstein JS. (2010). Measuring the impact of health policies using Internet search patterns: the case of abortion. BMC Public Health

Chan EH, Brewer TF, Madoff LC, Pollack MP, Sonricker AL, Keller M, Freifeld CC, Blench M, Mawudeku A, Brownstein JS. (2010). Global capacity for emerging infectious disease detection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(50)

Freifeld CC, Chunara R, Mekaru SR, Chan EH, Kass-Hout T, Ayala Iacucci A, Brownstein JS. (2010). Participatory epidemiology: use of mobile phones for community-based health reporting. PLoS medicine, 7(12)

Khan K, Freifeld CC, Wang J, Mekaru SR, Kossowsky D, Sonricker AL, Hu W, Sears J, Chan A, Brownstein JS. (2010). Preparing for infectious disease threats at mass gatherings: the case of the Vancouver 2010 Olympic Winter Games. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne, 182(6)

Brownstein JS, Freifeld CC, Chan EH, Keller M, Sonricker AL, Mekaru SR, Buckeridge DL. (2010). Information technology and global surveillance of cases of 2009 H1N1 influenza. The New England journal of medicine, 362(18)

Brownstein JS, Murphy SN, Goldfine AB, Grant RW, Sordo M, Gainer V, Colecchi JA, Dubey A, Nathan DM, Glaser JP, Kohane IS. (2010). Rapid identification of myocardial infarction risk associated with diabetes medications using electronic medical records. Diabetes Care, 33(3)

Brownstein JS, Green TC, Cassidy TA, Butler SF. (2010). Geographic information systems and pharmacoepidemiology: using spatial cluster detection to monitor local patterns of prescription opioid abuse. Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety, 19(6)

Hoen AG, Buckeridge DL, Chan EH, Freifeld CC, Keller M, Charland K, Donnelly CA, Brownstein JS. (2010). Characteristics of US public schools with reported cases of novel influenza A (H1N1). International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases

Pearson JF, Bachireddy C, Shyamprasad S, Goldfine AB, Brownstein JS. (2010). Association between fine particulate matter and diabetes prevalence in the U.S. Diabetes Care, 33(10)

Keller M, Freifeld CC, Brownstein JS. (2009). Automated vocabulary discovery for geo-parsing online epidemic intelligence. BMC Bioinformatics

Brownstein JS, Freifeld CC, Madoff LC. (2009). Influenza A (H1N1) virus, 2009--online monitoring. The New England journal of medicine, 360(21)

Brownstein JS, Freifeld CC, Madoff LC. (2009). Digital disease detection--harnessing the Web for public health surveillance. The New England journal of medicine, 360(21)

Dasgupta N, Mandl KD, Brownstein JS. (2009). Breaking the news or fueling the epidemic? Temporal association between news media report volume and opioid-related mortality. PLoS One, 4(11)

Wilson K, Brownstein JS. (2009). Early detection of disease outbreaks using the Internet. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne, 180(8)

Keller M, Blench M, Tolentino H, Freifeld CC, Mandl KD, Mawudeku A, Eysenbach G, Brownstein JS. (2009). Use of unstructured event-based reports for global infectious disease surveillance. Emerging infectious diseases, 15(5)

Sasaki A, Hoen AG, Ozonoff A, Suzuki H, Tanabe N, Seki N, Saito R, Brownstein JS. (2009). Evidence-based tool for triggering school closures during influenza outbreaks, Japan. Emerging infectious diseases, 15(11)

Brownstein CA, Brownstein JS. (2008). Estimating excess mortality in post-invasion Iraq. The New England journal of medicine, 358(5)

Brownstein JS, Freifeld CC, Reis BY, Mandl KD. (2008). Surveillance Sans Frontières: Internet-based emerging infectious disease intelligence and the HealthMap project. PLoS medicine, 5(7)

Brownstein JS, Mandl KD. (2008). Pediatric population size is associated with geographic patterns of acute respiratory infections among adults. Annals of emergency medicine, 52(1)

Freifeld CC, Mandl KD, Reis BY, Brownstein JS. (2007). HealthMap: global infectious disease monitoring through automated classification and visualization of Internet media reports. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA, 15(2)

Brownstein JS, Sordo M, Kohane IS, Mandl KD. (2007). The tell-tale heart: population-based surveillance reveals an association of rofecoxib and celecoxib with myocardial infarction. PLoS One, 2(9)

Sturtevant JL, Anema A, Brownstein JS. (2007). The new International Health Regulations: considerations for global public health surveillance. Disaster medicine and public health preparedness, 1(2)

Brownstein JS, Cassa CA, Mandl KD. (2006). No place to hide--reverse identification of patients from published maps. The New England journal of medicine, 355(16)

Brownstein JS, Cassa CA, Kohane IS, Mandl KD. (2006). An unsupervised classification method for inferring original case locations from low-resolution disease maps. International journal of health geographics

Brownstein JS, Mandl KD. (2006). Reengineering real time outbreak detection systems for influenza epidemic monitoring. AMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings. AMIA Symposium

Brownstein JS, Wolfe CJ, Mandl KD. (2006). Empirical evidence for the effect of airline travel on inter-regional influenza spread in the United States. PLoS medicine, 3(10)

Brownstein JS, Cassa CA, Kohane IS, Mandl KD. (2005). Reverse geocoding: concerns about patient confidentiality in the display of geospatial health data. AMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings. AMIA Symposium

Brownstein JS, Kleinman KP, Mandl KD. (2005). Identifying pediatric age groups for influenza vaccination using a real-time regional surveillance system. American journal of epidemiology, 162(7)

Brownstein JS, Skelly DK, Holford TR, Fish D. (2005). Forest fragmentation predicts local scale heterogeneity of Lyme disease risk. Oecologia, 146(3)

Brownstein JS, Holford TR, Fish D. (2005). Effect of Climate Change on Lyme Disease Risk in North America. Ecohealth, 2(1)

Brownstein JS, Holford TR, Fish D. (2004). Enhancing West Nile virus surveillance, United States. Emerging infectious diseases, 10(6)

Brownstein JS, Holford TR, Fish D. (2003). A climate-based model predicts the spatial distribution of the Lyme disease vector Ixodes scapularis in the United States. Environmental health perspectives, 111(9)

Brownstein JS, Rosen H, Purdy D, Miller JR, Merlino M, Mostashari F, Fish D. (2002). Spatial analysis of West Nile virus: rapid risk assessment of an introduced vector-borne zoonosis. Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.), 2(3)