Laura Balzer

Assistant Professor of Biostatistics





Marquez C, Atukunda M, Balzer LB, Chamie G, Kironde J, Ssemmondo E, Ruel TD, Mwangwa F, Tram KH, Clark TD, Kwarisiima D, Petersen M, Kamya MR, Charlebois ED, Havlir DV. (2020). The age-specific burden and household and school-based predictors of child and adolescent tuberculosis infection in rural Uganda. PloS one, 15(1)

Marcus JL, Sewell WC, Balzer LB, Krakower DS. (2020). Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning for HIV Prevention: Emerging Approaches to Ending the Epidemic. Current HIV/AIDS reports

Kabami J, Balzer LB, Saddiki H, Ayieko J, Kwarisiima D, Atukunda M, Charlebois ED, Clark TD, Koss CA, Ruel T, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Musoke P, Petersen ML, Havlir DV, Kamya MR, Chamie G. (2020). Population-level viral suppression among pregnant and postpartum women in a universal test and treat trial. AIDS (London, England)

Koss CA, Charlebois ED, Ayieko J, Kwarisiima D, Kabami J, Balzer LB, Atukunda M, Mwangwa F, Peng J, Mwinike Y, Owaraganise A, Chamie G, Jain V, Sang N, Olilo W, Brown LB, Marquez C, Zhang K, Ruel TD, Camlin CS, Rooney JF, Black D, Clark TD, Gandhi M, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, . (2020). Uptake, engagement, and adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis offered after population HIV testing in rural Kenya and Uganda: 72-week interim analysis of observational data from the SEARCH study. The lancet. HIV, 7(4)

Heller DJ, Balzer LB, Kazi D, Charlebois ED, Kwarisiima D, Mwangwa F, Jain V, Kotwani P, Chamie G, Cohen CR, Clark TD, Ayieko J, Byonanabye DM, Petersen M, Kamya MR, Havlir D, Kahn JG. (2020). Hypertension testing and treatment in Uganda and Kenya through the SEARCH study: An implementation fidelity and outcome evaluation. PloS one, 15(1)

Muiru AN, Charlebois ED, Balzer LB, Kwarisiima D, Elly A, Black D, Okiror S, Kabami J, Atukunda M, Snyman K, Petersen M, Kamya M, Havlir D, Estrella MM, Hsu CY. (2020). The epidemiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in rural East Africa: A population-based study. PloS one, 15(3)

Lillian B Brown, Laura B Balzer, Jane Kabami, Dalsone Kwarisiima, Norton Sang, James Ayieko, Yiqun Chen, Gabriel Chamie, Edwin D Charlebois, Carol S Camlin, Craig R Cohen, Elizabeth Bukusi, Moses R Kamya, James Moody, Diane V Havlir, Maya L Petersen. (2020). The Influence of Social Networks on Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation Among HIV-Infected Antiretroviral Therapy–Naive Youth in Rural Kenya and Uganda. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 83(1)

Stephen A. Lauer, Nicholas G. Reich, Laura B. Balzer. (2019). The covariate-adjusted residual estimator and its use in both randomized trials and observational settings. arXiv preprint

Yiqun Chen, Wenjing Zheng, Lillian B Brown, Gabriel Chamie, Dalsone Kwarisiima, Jane Kabami, Tamara D Clark, Norton Sang, James Ayieko, Edwin D Charlebois, Vivek Jain, Laura Balzer, Moses R Kamya, Diane Havlir, Maya Petersen. (2019). Semi-Supervised Record Linkage for Construction of Large-Scale Sociocentric Networks in Resource-limited Settings: An application to the SEARCH Study in Rural Uganda and Kenya.

Laura B Balzer, James Ayieko, Dalsone Kwarisiima, Gabriel Chamie, Edwin Charlebois, Joshua Schwab, Mark van der Laan, Moses Kamya, Diane Havlir, Maya Petersen. (2019). Far from MCAR: obtaining population-level estimates of HIV viral suppression. MedRxiv

Havlir DV, Balzer LB, Charlebois ED, Clark TD, Kwarisiima D, Ayieko J, Kabami J, Sang N, Liegler T, Chamie G, Camlin CS, Jain V, Kadede K, Atukunda M, Ruel T, Shade SB, Ssemmondo E, Byonanebye DM, Mwangwa F, Owaraganise A, Olilo W, Black D, Snyman K, Burger R, Getahun M, Achando J, Awuonda B, Nakato H, Kironde J, Okiror S, Thirumurthy H, Koss C, Brown L, Marquez C, Schwab J, Lavoy G, Plenty A, Mugoma Wafula E, Omanya P, Chen YH, Rooney JF, Bacon M, van der Laan M, Cohen CR, Bukusi E, Kamya MR, Petersen M. (2019). HIV Testing and Treatment with the Use of a Community Health Approach in Rural Africa. The New England journal of medicine, 381(3)

Puryear SB, Balzer LB, Ayieko J, Kwarisiima D, Hahn JA, Charlebois ED, Clark TD, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Petersen ML, Havlir DV, Chamie G. (2020). Associations between alcohol use and HIV care cascade outcomes among adults undergoing population-based HIV testing in East Africa. AIDS (London, England), 34(3)

Fox MP, Edwards JK, Platt R, Balzer LB. (2019). The critical importance of asking good questions: The role of epidemiology doctoral training programs. American journal of epidemiology


Balzer LB, Havlir DV, Kamya MR, Chamie G, Charlebois ED, Clark TD, Koss CA, Kwarisiima D, Ayieko J, Sang N, Kabami J, Atukunda M, Jain V, Camlin CS, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, van der Laan M, Petersen ML. (2019). Machine learning to identify persons at high-risk of HIV acquisition in rural Kenya and Uganda. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Potter K, Teng JE, Masteller B, Rajala C, Balzer LB. (2019). Examining How Dog 'Acquisition' Affects Physical Activity and Psychosocial Well-Being: Findings from the BuddyStudy Pilot Trial. Animals : an open access journal from MDPI, 9(9)

Kwarisiima D, Atukunda M, Owaraganise A, Chamie G, Clark T, Kabami J, Jain V, Byonanebye D, Mwangwa F, Balzer LB, Charlebois E, Kamya MR, Petersen M, Havlir DV, Brown LB. (2019). Hypertension control in integrated HIV and chronic disease clinics in Uganda in the SEARCH study. BMC public health, 19(1)

Shetty VA, Balzer LB, Geissler KH, Chin DL. (2019). Association Between Specialist Office Visits and Health Expenditures in Accountable Care Organizations. JAMA network open, 2(7)

Wenjing Zheng, Laura Balzer, Mark van der Laan, Maya Petersen, SEARCH Collaboration. (2018). Constrained binary classification using ensemble learning: an application to cost‐efficient targeted PrEP strategies. Statistics in Medicine, 37(2)

James Ayieko, Maya L Petersen, Annelies Van Rie, Erick Wafula, Wilson Opudo, Tamara D Clark, Moses R Kamya, Laura B Balzer, Craig R Cohen, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Edwin D Charlebois, Diane V Havlir. (2018). Effect of a patient-centered phone call by a clinical officer at time of HIV testing on linkage to care in rural Kenya. Open Forum Infectious Diseases, 5(6)

Jakubowski A, Snyman K, Kwarisiima D, Sang N, Burger R, Balzer L, Clark T, Chamie G, Shade S, Cohen C, Bukusi E, Charlebois E, Kamya M, Petersen M, Havlir D, Thirumurthy H. (2018). High CD4 counts associated with better economic outcomes for HIV-positive adults and their HIV-negative household members in the SEARCH Trial. PloS one, 13(6)

Milena A Gianfrancesco, Laura Balzer, Kimberly E Taylor, Laura Trupin, Joanne Nititham, Michael F Seldin, Amanda Wheeler Singer, Lindsey A Criswell, Lisa F Barcellos. (2018). Genetic risk and longitudinal disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus using targeted maximum likelihood estimation. Genes & Immunity, 17(6)

Laura B Balzer, Diane V Havlir, Joshua Schwab, Mark J Van Der Laan, Maya L Petersen. (2018). Statistical Analysis Plan for SEARCH Phase I: Health Outcomes among Adults. arXiv

Shade SB, Osmand T, Luo A, Aine R, Assurah E, Mwebaza B, Mwai D, Owaraganise A, Mwangwa F, Ayieko J, Black D, Brown LB, Clark TD, Kwarisiima D, Thirumurthy H, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED, Balzer L, Kamya MR, Petersen ML, Havlir DV, Jain V. (2018). Costs of streamlined HIV care delivery in rural Ugandan and Kenyan clinics in the SEARCH Studys. AIDS (London, England), 32(15)

Balzer LB, Zheng W, van der Laan MJ, Petersen ML. (2019). A new approach to hierarchical data analysis: Targeted maximum likelihood estimation for the causal effect of a cluster-level exposure. Statistical methods in medical research, 28(6)

Naimi AI, Balzer LB. (2018). Stacked generalization: an introduction to super learning. European journal of epidemiology, 33(5)

Ayieko J, Chamie G, Balzer L, Kwarisiima D, Kabami J, Sang N, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Clark TD, Plenty A, Charlebois ED, Petersen M, Kamya M, Havlir DV, Ruel T. (2018). Mobile, Population-wide, Hybrid HIV Testing Strategy Increases Number of Children Tested in Rural Kenya and Uganda. The Pediatric infectious disease journal, 37(12)

Koss CA, Ayieko J, Mwangwa F, Owaraganise A, Kwarisiima D, Balzer LB, Plenty A, Sang N, Kabami J, Ruel TD, Black D, Camlin CS, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Clark TD, Charlebois ED, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, . (2018). Early Adopters of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Preexposure Prophylaxis in a Population-based Combination Prevention Study in Rural Kenya and Uganda. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 67(12)

Labrecque JA, Kaufman JS, Balzer LB, Maclehose RF, Strumpf EC, Matijasevich A, Santos IS, Schmidt KH, Barros AJD. (2018). Effect of a conditional cash transfer program on length-for-age and weight-for-age in Brazilian infants at 24 months using doubly-robust, targeted estimation. Social science & medicine (1982), (211)

Delphine Perriat, Laura Balzer, Richard Hayes, Shahin Lockman, Fiona Walsh, Helen Ayles, Sian Floyd, Diane Havlir, Moses Kamya, Refeletswe Lebelonyane, Lisa A Mills, Velephi Okello, Maya Petersen, Deenan Pillay, Kalpana Sabapathy, Kathleen Wirth, Joanna Orne‐Gliemann, François Dabis,. (2018). Comparative assessment of five trials of universal HIV testing and treatment in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 21(1)

Laura B Balzer, Maya L Petersen, Mark J van der Laan. (2018). The Sample Average Treatment Effect. Targeted Learning in Data Science

Laura B Balzer, Mark J van der Laan, Maya L Petersen. (2018). Data-Adaptive Estimation in Cluster Randomized Trials. Targeted Learning in Data Science

Maya Petersen, Laura Balzer, Dalsone Kwarsiima, Norton Sang, Gabriel Chamie, James Ayieko, Jane Kabami, Asiphas Owaraganise, Teri Liegler, Florence Mwangwa, Kevin Kadede, Vivek Jain, Albert Plenty, Lillian Brown, Geoff Lavoy, Joshua Schwab, Douglas Black, Mark van der Laan, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Craig R Cohen, Tamara D Clark, Edwin Charlebois, Moses Kamya, Diane Havlir. (2017). Association of Implementation of a Universal Testing and Treatment Intervention With HIV Diagnosis, Receipt of Antiretroviral Therapy, and Viral Suppression in East Africa. JAMA Network, 317(21)

Laura Balzer, Patrick Staples, Jukka-Pekka Onnela, Victor DeGruttola. (2017). Using a network-based approach and targeted maximum likelihood estimation to evaluate the effect of adding pre-exposure prophylaxis to an ongoing test-and-treat trial. Clinical Trials, 2(14)

Kwarisiima D, Balzer L, Heller D, Kotwani P, Chamie G, Clark T, Ayieko J, Mwangwa F, Jain V, Byonanebye D, Petersen M, Havlir D, Kamya MR. (2016). Population-Based Assessment of Hypertension Epidemiology and Risk Factors among HIV-Positive and General Populations in Rural Uganda. PloS one, 11(5)

Laura Balzer, Jennifer Ahern, Sandro Galea, Mark van der Laan. (2016). Estimating Effects with Rare Outcomes and High Dimensional Covariates: Knowledge is Power. Epidemiologic Methods, 5(1)

Balzer LB, van der Laan MJ, Petersen ML, . (2016). Adaptive pre-specification in randomized trials with and without pair-matching. Statistics in medicine, 35(25)

Balzer LB, Petersen ML, van der Laan MJ, . (2016). Targeted estimation and inference for the sample average treatment effect in trials with and without pair-matching. Statistics in medicine, 35(21)

Michelle Pearl, Laura Balzer, Jennifer Ahern. (2016). Targeted Estimation of Marginal Absolute and Relative Associations in Case–Control Data. Epidemiology, 27(4)

Chamie G, Clark TD, Kabami J, Kadede K, Ssemmondo E, Steinfeld R, Lavoy G, Kwarisiima D, Sang N, Jain V, Thirumurthy H, Liegler T, Balzer LB, Petersen ML, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Charlebois ED. (2016). A hybrid mobile approach for population-wide HIV testing in rural east Africa: an observational study. The lancet. HIV, 3(3)

Jennifer Ahern, Laura Balzer, Sandro Galea. (2015). The roles of outlet density and norms in alcohol use disorder. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, (151)

Balzer LB, Petersen ML, van der Laan MJ, . (2015). Adaptive pair-matching in randomized trials with unbiased and efficient effect estimation. Statistics in medicine, 34(6)

Chamie G, Kwarisiima D, Clark TD, Kabami J, Jain V, Geng E, Balzer LB, Petersen ML, Thirumurthy H, Charlebois ED, Kamya MR, Havlir DV. (2014). Uptake of community-based HIV testing during a multi-disease health campaign in rural Uganda. PloS one, 9(1)

Prashant Kotwani, Laura Balzer, Dalsone Kwarisiima, Tamara D. Clark, Jane Kabami, Dathan Byonanebye, Bob Bainomujuni, Douglas Black, Gabriel Chamie, Vivek Jain, Harsha Thirumurthy, Moses R. Kamya, Elvin H. Geng, Maya L. Petersen, Diane V. Havlir, Edwin D. Charlebois. (2014). Evaluating linkage to care for hypertension after community-based screening in rural Uganda. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 19(4)

Jain V, Byonanebye DM, Liegler T, Kwarisiima D, Chamie G, Kabami J, Petersen ML, Balzer LB, Clark TD, Black D, Thirumurthy H, Geng EH, Charlebois ED, Amanyire G, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, . (2014). Changes in population HIV RNA levels in Mbarara, Uganda, during scale-up of HIV antiretroviral therapy access. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999), 65(3)

van der Laan MJ, Balzer LB, Petersen ML. (2012). ADAPTIVE MATCHING IN RANDOMIZED TRIALS AND OBSERVATIONAL STUDIES. Journal of statistical research, 46(2)

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