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Colorimetric and fluorescence probe for the detection of nano-molar lysine in aqueous medium.

Abstract

A single crystal X-ray structurally characterized BODIPY based probe, THBPY, derived from 4-hydroxy-5-isopropyl-2 methyl-isophthalaldehyde, detects nano-molar lysine in aqueous medium. In the presence of lysine, THBPY visibly changes its color and fluorescence profile due to the formation of a stable imine bond. A distinctive color change allows for facile discrimination over other amino acids in a wide range of concentrations of lysine. The detection limit for lysine is 0.001 μM by a fluorescence method and 0.01 μM by a colorimetric method. The probe shows good reversibility for multiple uses and cleanly discriminates between lysine and other amino acids. Density functional theoretical studies closely resemble experimental results.

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