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Poor sleep health is associated with increased mental health problems, substance use, and HIV sexual risk behavior in a large, multistate sample of gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in Nigeria, Africa.

Abstract

Poor sleep health has been linked to mental health problems, substance use, and sexual risk-taking among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM). No known published study has examined these relationships among African GBMSM. Consequently, we investigated poor sleep health and associated health-related factors among a large multistate sample of Nigerian GBMSM.

Sleep health interventions should be developed for Nigerian GBMSM, which may improve mental health and reduce substance use and sexual risk-taking.

Between March and June 2019, 406 GBMSM were recruited from Abuja, Delta, Lagos, and Plateau and asked to complete an interviewer-administered survey. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression models were constructed to examine the relationship between poor sleep health and other health-related factors.

In the past month, 45.5% of participants reported sleeping an average of 6 hours or less every night, and 30.7% reported experiencing a sleep problem. Factors associated with increased odds of reporting short sleep included: residing in Delta [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.16; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.15 to 4.04] and Lagos (aOR 2.40; 95% CI: 1.29 to 4.45), depressive symptoms (aOR 1.94; 95% CI: 1.13 to 3.32), and reporting lifetime history of using four or more drugs (aOR 2.52; 95% CI: 1.06 to 6.01). Reporting condom use at last anal sex was associated with decreased odds of reporting short sleep in the last month (aOR 0.54; 95% CI: 0.31 to 0.92). Factors associated with increased odds of reporting sleep problems included: reporting an STI diagnosis in the last year (aOR 1.79; 95% CI: 1.05 to 3.05) and reporting monthly or higher polydrug use in the last 3 months (aOR 2.19; 95% CI: 1.14 to 4.24).

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