John Balbus

Senior Advisor for Public Health




John M. Balbus, M.D., M.P.H., serves as a senior advisor to the Director on public health issues and as NIEHS liaison to its external constituencies, stakeholders, and advocacy groups. He also leads NIEHS efforts on climate change and human health. In this capacity he serves as HHS principal to the U.S. Global Change Research Program, for which he also co-chairs the Interagency Cross-Cutting Group on Climate Change and Human Health. Dr. Balbus' background combines training and experience in clinical medicine with expertise in epidemiology, toxicology, and risk sciences. He has authored studies and lectures on global climate change and health, transportation-related air pollution, the toxic effects of chemicals, and regulatory approaches to protecting susceptible subpopulations. Before joining the NIEHS, Dr. Balbus was Chief Health Scientist for the non-governmental organization Environmental Defense Fund. He served on the faculty of The George Washington University, where he was founding Director of the Center for Risk Science and Public Health, founding co-Director of the Mid-Atlantic Center for Children's Health and the Environment, and Acting Chairman of the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health. He maintains an adjunct faculty appointment at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Dr. Balbus received his A.B. degree in Biochemistry from Harvard University, his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania, and his M.P.H. from the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health. In addition to current membership on the Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research and Medicine, Dr. Balbus has also served as a member of the EPA Science Advisory Board, the National Research Council's Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology and the EPA Children's Health Protection Advisory Committee. He is a member of the American College of Physicians, the American Public Health Association, and the Society of Toxicology.

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Jones HM, Quintana AV, Trtanj J, Balbus J, Schramm P, Saha S, Castranio T, Di Liberto TE. (2020). Developing an Experimental Climate and Health Monitor and Outlook. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101(10)

Kuehn L, Balbus J. (2019). Addressing the health, safety, welfare, and dignity of all humans: PAs and climate change. JAAPA : official journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants, 32(11)

S Holmgren, T Castranio, J Balbus. (2019). The NIEHS Climate Change and Human Health Literature Portal: The Way to the Science You Want. Environmental Epidemiology, (3)

Lemery J, Sorensen C, Balbus J, Newman L, Davis C, Reno E, Salas R, Hynes EC. (2019). Science Policy Training for a New Physician Leader: Description and Framework of a Novel Climate and Health Science Policy Fellowship. AEM education and training, 3(3)

Shaffer RM, Sellers SP, Baker MG, de Buen Kalman R, Frostad J, Suter MK, Anenberg SC, Balbus J, Basu N, Bellinger DC, Birnbaum L, Brauer M, Cohen A, Ebi KL, Fuller R, Grandjean P, Hess JJ, Kogevinas M, Kumar P, Landrigan PJ, Lanphear B, London SJ, Rooney AA, Stanaway JD, Trasande L, Walker K, Hu H. (2019). Improving and Expanding Estimates of the Global Burden of Disease Due to Environmental Health Risk Factors. Environmental health perspectives, 127(10)

Sorensen C, Murray V, Lemery J, Balbus J. (2018). Climate change and women's health: Impacts and policy directions. PLoS medicine, 15(7)

Sorensen C, Saunik S, Sehgal M, Tewary A, Govindan M, Lemery J, Balbus J. (2018). Climate Change and Women's Health: Impacts and Opportunities in India. GeoHealth, 2(10)

Kelly M Chang, Jeremy J Hess, John M Balbus, Jonathan J Buonocore, David A Cleveland, Maggie L Grabow, Roni Neff, Rebecca K Saari, Christopher W Tessum, Paul Wilkinson, Alistair Woodward, Kristie L Ebi. (2017). Ancillary health effects of climate mitigation scenarios as drivers of policy uptake: a review of air quality, transportation and diet co-benefits modeling studies. Environmental Research Letters, 12(11)

Balbus J. (2017). Understanding drought's impacts on human health. The Lancet. Planetary health, 1(1)

(2016). Prevention of Childhood Lead Toxicity. Pediatrics, 138(1)

Birnbaum LS, Balbus JM, Tart KT. (2016). Marking a New Understanding of Climate and Health. Environmental health perspectives, 124(4)

Balbus J, Berry P, Brettle M, Jagnarine-Azan S, Soares A, Ugarte C, Varangu L, Prats EV. (2016). Enhancing the sustainability and climate resiliency of health care facilities: a comparison of initiatives and toolkits. Revista panamericana de salud publica = Pan American journal of public health, 40(3)

Balbus JM, Tart KG, Dilworth CH, Birnbaum LS. (2016). Changing the Climate of Respiratory Clinical Practice. Insights from the 2016 Climate and Health Assessment of the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 13(8)

John M Balbus, Jeffery B Greenblatt, Ramya Chari, Dev Millstein, Kristie L Ebi. (2015). Erratum to: A wedge-based approach to estimating health co-benefits of climate change mitigation activities in the United States. Climatic Change, 129(1-2)

Heindel JJ, Balbus J, Birnbaum L, Brune-Drisse MN, Grandjean P, Gray K, Landrigan PJ, Sly PD, Suk W, Cory Slechta D, Thompson C, Hanson M. (2015). Developmental Origins of Health and Disease: Integrating Environmental Influences. Endocrinology, 156(10)

Dora C, Haines A, Balbus J, Fletcher E, Adair-Rohani H, Alabaster G, Hossain R, de Onis M, Branca F, Neira M. (2015). Indicators linking health and sustainability in the post-2015 development agenda. Lancet, 385(9965)

Remais JV, Hess JJ, Ebi KL, Markandya A, Balbus JM, Wilkinson P, Haines A, Chalabi Z. (2014). Estimating the health effects of greenhouse gas mitigation strategies: addressing parametric, model, and valuation challenges. Environmental health perspectives, 122(5)

Maya Levine, John Balbus. (2013). Federal Programs in Climate Change and Health Research. Global Climate Change and Public Health, (7)

Clark ML, Peel JL, Balakrishnan K, Breysse PN, Chillrud SN, Naeher LP, Rodes CE, Vette AF, Balbus JM. (2013). Health and household air pollution from solid fuel use: the need for improved exposure assessment. Environmental health perspectives, 121(10)

Balbus JM, Barouki R, Birnbaum LS, Etzel RA, Gluckman PD Sr., Grandjean P, Hancock C, Hanson MA, Heindel JJ, Hoffman K, Jensen GK, Keeling A, Neira M, Rabadán-Diehl C, Ralston J, Tang KC. (2013). Early-life prevention of non-communicable diseases. Lancet, 381(9860)

Martin WJ 2nd., Glass RI, Araj H, Balbus J, Collins FS, Curtis S, Diette GB, Elwood WN, Falk H, Hibberd PL, Keown SE, Mehta S, Patrick E, Rosenbaum J, Sapkota A, Tolunay HE, Bruce NG. (2013). Household air pollution in low- and middle-income countries: health risks and research priorities. PLoS medicine, 10(6)

Jessup CM, Balbus JM, Christian C, Haque E, Howe SE, Newton SA, Reid BC, Roberts L, Wilhelm E, Rosenthal JP. (2013). Climate change, human health, and biomedical research: analysis of the National Institutes of Health research portfolio. Environmental health perspectives, 121(4)

Stahl RG Jr., Hooper MJ, Balbus JM, Clements W, Fritz A, Gouin T, Helm R, Hickey C, Landis W, Moe SJ. (2013). The influence of global climate change on the scientific foundations and applications of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry: introduction to a SETAC international workshop. Environmental toxicology and chemistry, 32(1)

Balbus JM, Boxall AB, Fenske RA, McKone TE, Zeise L. (2013). Implications of global climate change for the assessment and management of human health risks of chemicals in the natural environment. Environmental toxicology and chemistry, 32(1)

Furie GL, Balbus J. (2012). Global environmental health and sustainable development: the role at Rio+20. Ciencia & saude coletiva, 17(6)

William J Martin, Roger I Glass, John M Balbus, Francis S Collins. (2011). A major environmental cause of death. Science, 334(6053)

Ebi KL, Balbus J, Kinney PL, Lipp E, Mills D, O'Neill MS, Wilson ML. (2009). U.S. Funding is insufficient to address the human health impacts of and public health responses to climate variability and change. Environmental health perspectives, 117(6)

Balbus JM, Malina C. (2009). Identifying vulnerable subpopulations for climate change health effects in the United States. Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 51(1)

Maibach EW, Chadwick A, McBride D, Chuk M, Ebi KL, Balbus J. (2008). Climate change and local public health in the United States: preparedness, programs and perceptions of local public health department directors. PloS one, 3(7)

Scott Walsh, John M Balbus, Richard Denison, Karen Florini. (2007). Nanotechnology: getting it right the first time. Journal of Cleaner Production, 16(8-9)

Balbus JM, Maynard AD, Colvin VL, Castranova V, Daston GP, Denison RA, Dreher KL, Goering PL, Goldberg AM, Kulinowski KM, Monteiro-Riviere NA, Oberdörster G, Omenn GS, Pinkerton KE, Ramos KS, Rest KM, Sass JB, Silbergeld EK, Wong BA. (2007). Meeting report: hazard assessment for nanoparticles--report from an interdisciplinary workshop. Environmental health perspectives, 115(11)

John M Balbus, Karen Florini, Richard A Denison, Scott A Walsh. (2006). Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 9(1)

Balbus JM, Harvey CE, McCurdy LE. Educational needs assessment for pediatric health care providers on pesticide toxicity. Journal of agromedicine, 11(1)

Balbus JM, Florini K, Denison RA, Walsh SA. (2006). Getting it right the first time: developing nanotechnology while protecting workers, public health, and the environment. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, (1076)

Balbus JM. (2005). Ushering in the new toxicology: toxicogenomics and the public interest. Environmental health perspectives, 113(7)

Krewski D, Balbus J, Butler-Jones D, Haas C, Isaac-Renton J, Roberts K, Sinclair M. Managing the microbiological risks of drinking water. Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A, 67(20-22)

Makri A, Goveia M, Balbus J, Parkin R. Children's susceptibility to chemicals: a review by developmental stage. Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part B, Critical reviews, 7(6)

GP Patil, John Balbus, Gregory Biging, Joseph JaJa, WL Myers, Charles Taillie. (2004). Multiscale advanced raster map analysis system: definition, design and development. Environmental and Ecological Statistics, 11(2)

Balbus J, Parkin R, Makri A, Ragain L, Embrey M, Hauchman F. (2004). Defining susceptibility for microbial risk assessment: results of a workshop. Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis, 24(1)

Balbus JM, Embrey MA. (2002). Risk factors for waterborne enteric infections. Current opinion in gastroenterology, 18(1)

Balbus JM, Lang ME. (2001). Is the water safe for my baby?. Pediatric clinics of North America, 48(5)

Parkin RT, Balbus JM. (2000). Variations in concepts of "susceptibility" in risk assessment. Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis, 20(5)

Kernan GJ, Ji BT, Dosemeci M, Silverman DT, Balbus J, Zahm SH. (1999). Occupational risk factors for pancreatic cancer: a case-control study based on death certificates from 24 U.S. states. American journal of industrial medicine, 36(2)

Balbus JM, Stewart W, Bolla KI, Schwartz BS. (1997). Simple visual reaction time in organolead manufacturing workers: comparison of different methods of modeling lead exposure and reaction time. American journal of industrial medicine, 32(5)

Jonathan A Patz, John M Balbus. (1996). Methods for assessing public health vulnerability to global climate change. Climate Research, 6(2)

Patz JA, Epstein PR, Burke TA, Balbus JM. (1996). Global climate change and emerging infectious diseases. JAMA, 275(3)

Jonathan A Patz, Paul R Epstein, Thomas A Burke, John M Balbus. (1996). Global Climate Change and Emerging Infectious Diseases. JAMA Network, 275(3)

John M Balbus-Kornfeld, Walter Stewart, Karen I Bolla, Brian S Schwartz. (1995). Cumulative exposure to inorganic lead and neurobehavioural test performance in adults: an epidemiological review. BMJ Journal, 52(1)

John M Balbus-Kornfeld, Howard Frumkin. (1992). Investigation of a Reported Cluster of Bladder Cancer Cases in the Pottstown/Phoenixville Area of Pennsylvania. Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal, 47(4)

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